The agriculture is the basic branch of the regional economy. It specializes in the manufacture of meat, dairy and plant products. There are 12 agricultural companies, 6 private farms and a number of servicing companies in the region.

The industry of the Zelva region is represented by a branch of the Cooperative Industry Integrated Plant, the Knitting Factory Zelvyanka and others.

The Zelva-based Cooperative Industry Integrated Plant meets its targets. in 2007, the plant launched the production of 24 new kinds of sausages, 24 kinds of confectionery, 18 new kinds of bakery.

The Knitting Factory Zelvyanka is engaged in knitting, tailoring, wool processing and polyester producing.